Bell’s Palsy / Facial Nerve Paralysis

Bell’s Palsy, which is also called idiopathic facial paralysis, is a disorder of the facial nerve which can result in temporary or permanent facial paralysis. Adults around the age of 40 or those with diabetes or upper respiratory ailments are more likely to experience Bell’s Palsy, although it does affect thousands of Ugandans annually.

The condition is caused by an inflammation of the facial nerve, which is usually the result of a viral infection. The inflammation causes swelling of the nerve within the skull, limiting its ability to properly transmit impulses to the facial muscles.

This results in the loss of voluntary muscle control and partial or full paralysis. A number of viruses can cause Bell’s Palsy and it can come on slowly or quickly. Other symptoms include pain in the ear, headache, loss of taste, and a change in tear or saliva production. Each case is unique so it is important to seek medical attention if facial paralysis occurs. It is most often treated with anti-inflammatories and anti-viral medication.

Bell's Palsy / Facial Nerve Paralysis Treatment

  • Steroids and Antivirals